Democracy Essay in English with Outlines

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Democracy Essay

Democracy Essay

Democracy is a successful and popular form of government in modern times. It is a modern type of government where the “Public Will” is expressed.

In a democracy, people chose their representatives by voting. There are serval political parties in a democratic country. The party which wins by the majority of the vote is called to form the government. The rest of the parties play the role of an opposition in the “Legislative Assembly”. In the assembly, important issues are put up, discussed and decided by voting.

In a democratic system, people elect their own rulers. If they do not serve them well for one term, they will not be elected again. The ministers are responsible to the legislature and as soon as they lost trust, they are made to resign, Thus, a change in government is brought about by peaceful method and not by force or revolution.

In a civil society, democracy is the guardian of equality, liberty and the fundamental rights of the people. It makes all the citizens interested in national affairs by giving them a feeling of participation and a sense of responsibility. Everyone enjoyed the freedom of thought, action, and speech. The four pillars of democracy are the rule of law, freedom of opinion, freedom of association and freedom of the press.

Unfortunately, democracy could not flourish in Pakistan because of political immaturity, economic insecurity, and institutional instability. Sectionalism, illiteracy and caste system have deteriorated our social and political system. At the time of elections, the votes are either brided to give their votes in favor of ineligible and irresponsible candidates. Power is abused for the promotion of selfish ends. In this way, the lawmakers become law-breakers. Moreover, the continual military interventions also destabilize the democratic system of the country.

Dictatorship is the rule of one man who exercises absolute power. In rests upon brute force. The dictators usually belong to well-organized political parties or the security forces of the country. They come to rescue the people but make them more miserable than before. In a dictatorship, the fundamental rights of the civil society are suspended, criticism is silenced and the opposition is ruthlessly suppressed. In this way, it creates frustration in society.

In spite of its demerits, democracy is a reasonable, useful and successful system of government. On the other hand, in spite of a few merits, dictatorship is a curse to humanity.

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